2053 Woodbridge Avenue - Edison, NJ 08817

Wednesday, September 24, 2014

E438 1. Points in Motor Vehicle Violations 2. Defendant can be entitled to Adjournment to Select Own Counsel. 3. Juvenile adjudication does not bar adult expungement.

Kenneth Vercammen, Attorney at Law
Dear Kenneth,
In this issue:
1.    Points in Motor Vehicle Violations
2.    Defendant can be entitled to Adjournment to Select Own Counsel.
3.    Juvenile adjudication does not bar adult expungement.

1. Points in Motor Vehicle Violations
         Motor vehicle violations and criminal charges can cost you.  If you plead guilty by mail or in court for almost all traffic tickets, you will have to pay fines in court and will later receive points on your driver’s license. Both the DMV/MVC and your car insurance company will impose surcharges and eligibility points for one-three years.
N.J.A.C. 13:19-10.1 Point Assessment
         Any person who is convicted of any of the following offenses, including offenses committed while operating a motorized bicycle, shall be assessed points for each conviction in accordance with the following schedule:

N.J.S.A. Statutory Violation         Description               Points

39:4-14.3   Operating motorized bicycle on restricted highway        2
39:4-14.3d More than 1 person on a motorized bicycle.                   2
39:4-35      Failure to yield to pedestrian in crosswalk.                     2
39:4-36      Failure to yield to pedestrian or passing a vehicle
                   yielding to pedestrian in crosswalk                                 2
39:4-41      Driving through safety zone.                                           2
39:4-52                  Racing on Highway                                               5
39:4-55      Improper action or omission on grades and curves
39:4-57      Failure to observe directions of officer.                           2
39:4-66      Failure to stop before crossing sidewalk                          2
39:4-66.1   Failure to yield to pedestrians or vehicles while
                              entering or leaving highway                                  2
39:4-66.2   Driving on private property to avoid traffic signal         
                              or stop sign                                                           2
39:4-71      Improper driving on sidewalk                                          2
39:4-80      Failure to obey direction of officer                                   2
39:4-81      Failure to observe traffic signal                                        2
39:4-82      Failure to keep right                                                         2
39:4-82.1   Improper operating of vehicle on divided highway         
                   or divider                                                                          2
39:4-83      Failure to keep right at intersection                                  2
39:4-84      Failure to pass right of vehicle proceeding in                  
                   opposite direction                                                           5
39:4-85          Improper passing on right or off roadway                  4
39:4-85.1       Wrong way on one-way street                                    2
39:4-86          Improper passing, in "No Passing" zone                     4
39:4-87          Failure to yield to overtake vehicle                              2
39:4-88          Failure to observe traffic lanes                                     2
39:4-89          Tailgating                                                                      5
39:4-90          Failure to yield at intersection                                     2
39:4-90.1       Failure to use proper entrances to limited access       
                   highway                                                                           2
39:4-91          Failure to yield to emergency vehicle                          2
39:4-96          Reckless driving                                                           5
39:4-97          Careless driving                                                            2
39:4-97a         Destruction of agricultural or recreational property    2
39:4-97.1       Slow speed blocking traffic                                          2
39:4-98          or Speeding up to 14 mph above limit                         2           
39:4-99          Speeding 15-29 mph above limit                                 4
                       Speeding 30 mph or more above limit                         5
39:4-105        Failure to stop at traffic light                                       2
39:4-115        Improper turn at traffic light                                       3
39:4-119        Failure to stop at flashing red signal                            2
39:4-122        Failure to stop for police whistle                                2
39:4-123        Improper right or left turn                                           3
39:4-124        Improper turn: from approved turning course            3
39:4-125        Improper U-turn                                                          3
39:4-126        Failure to give proper signal                                         2
39:4-127        Improper backing or turn in street                               2
39:4-127.1     Improper crossing of railroad grade crossing               2
39:4-127.2     Improper crossing of bridge                                         2           
39:4-128        Improper crossing of railroad grade                             2
39:4-128.1     Improper passing of school bus                                  5
39:4-128.4     Improper passing of frozen dessert truck                   4
39:4-129        Leaving scene of accident- No injuries                         2
39:4-129        Personal Injury                                                             8
39:4-144        Failure to observe of stop or yield signs                     2
39:5D-4      Moving violation out-of-state                                         2
27:23-29        Moving against traffic-NJ Turnpike, Garden State    
                   Pkwy. and Atlantic City Expressway                                          2
27:23-29        Improper passing-NJ Tpke., Garden State Pkwy.
                    and Atlantic City Expressway                                       4
27:23-29        Unlawful use of median strip-NJ Tpke., Garden
                       State Pkwy. and Atlantic City Expressway                2
39:3-20          Operating Constructor vehicle in excess of 45 mph    3

         DWI, Driving While Suspended, No insurance, unlicensed driver and other violations also have both MVC/DMV surcharges and car insurance surcharges/ increases. More details at www.njlaws.com

Recent Cases:
2. New cases: Defendant can be entitled to Adjournment to Select Own Counsel. State v Kates __ NJ __ (2014) (A-40-12)
The judgment of the Appellate Division is affirmed substantially for the reasons expressed in Judge Ostrer’s opinion below. Deprivation of a defendant’s right to counsel of choice is found where, as here, a trial court denies an adjournment without properly considering the relevant factors or abuses its discretion in doing so.
       The Appellate Division held Defendant Entitled to Adjournment to Select Own Counsel. State v. Kates 426 NJ Super. 32 (App. Div. 2012)
       The Appellate Division concluded the trial court mistakenly exercised its discretion in denying defendant a continuance to enable him to retain counsel of his choice, after he learned on the eve of trial that the assistant deputy public defender who had been representing him was about to deployed for active military service.  Although the right to counsel of choice is not absolute and may be balanced against the court's interest in managing its calendar, the trial court failed to weigh the appropriate factors governing the discretionary decision whether to grant the requested continuance.  The availability of competent counsel not of defendant's choice was an insufficient basis for denying the continuance.  As deprivation of counsel of choice is a structural error not subject to harmless error analysis, reversal of defendant's conviction and a new trial is mandated.

3. Juvenile adjudication does not bar adult expungement. In the Matter of the Expungement Application of D.J.B. __ NJ __ (2014)
         Based on its language and legislative history, N.J.S.A. 2C: 52-4.1(a) applies only to the expungement of juvenile adjudications and does not transform a juvenile adjudication into a "crime" that would bar a later attempt to expunge an adult conviction under N.J.S.A. 2C:52-2.